medievalpoc:

the-history-of-fighting:

Dahomey’s Warrior Women

Speaking of West Africa, the Dahomey Warrior Women involves a fascinating history that spans nearly 200 years. It was during this time that the elite squad of female warriors fought and died for the border rights and inter-tribal issues in the ancient kingdom of Dahomey.
These women, who outranked their male counterparts, were given far more privileges, including the ability to  come and go from the palaces as they pleased (unlike the men). They were so revered for their warrior prowess, The Smithsonian explains, that men were taught to keep their distance:
“Recruiting women into the Dahomean army was not especially difficult, despite the requirement to climb thorn hedges and risk life and limb in battle. Most West African women lived lives of forced drudgery. Gezo’s female troops lived in his compound and were kept well supplied with tobacco, alcohol and slaves – as many as 50 to each warrior, according to the noted traveler Sir Richard Burton, who visited Dahomey in the 1860s. And “when amazons walked out of the palace,” notes Alpern, “they were preceded by a slave girl carrying a bell. The sound told every male to get out of their path, retire a certain distance, and look the other way.” To even touch these women meant death.”
Yet as colonialist ambitions grew in the region, the Dahomey female warriors eventually grew sparse. Fierce combat missions to crush the independent kingdom eventually succeeded, and in the 1940s, it is said that the last of the female warriors died.
www.care2.com


I’ve posted about this incredible military force for 1800s Week previously, and you can read more about women warriors of color in this Masterpost. There’s also Amazons of Black Sparta: The Women Warriors of Dahomey by Stanley B. Alpern.

medievalpoc:

the-history-of-fighting:

Dahomey’s Warrior Women

Speaking of West Africa, the Dahomey Warrior Women involves a fascinating history that spans nearly 200 years. It was during this time that the elite squad of female warriors fought and died for the border rights and inter-tribal issues in the ancient kingdom of Dahomey.

These women, who outranked their male counterparts, were given far more privileges, including the ability to  come and go from the palaces as they pleased (unlike the men). They were so revered for their warrior prowess, The Smithsonian explains, that men were taught to keep their distance:

“Recruiting women into the Dahomean army was not especially difficult, despite the requirement to climb thorn hedges and risk life and limb in battle. Most West African women lived lives of forced drudgery. Gezo’s female troops lived in his compound and were kept well supplied with tobacco, alcohol and slaves – as many as 50 to each warrior, according to the noted traveler Sir Richard Burton, who visited Dahomey in the 1860s. And “when amazons walked out of the palace,” notes Alpern, “they were preceded by a slave girl carrying a bell. The sound told every male to get out of their path, retire a certain distance, and look the other way.” To even touch these women meant death.”

Yet as colonialist ambitions grew in the region, the Dahomey female warriors eventually grew sparse. Fierce combat missions to crush the independent kingdom eventually succeeded, and in the 1940s, it is said that the last of the female warriors died.

www.care2.com

I’ve posted about this incredible military force for 1800s Week previously, and you can read more about women warriors of color in this Masterpost. There’s also Amazons of Black Sparta: The Women Warriors of Dahomey by Stanley B. Alpern.

shwagerr:

gwenlightened:

ineedathneed:

watamato:

been feeling kind of paranoid lately

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Take that time by yourself to get to know yourself and rediscover what makes you shine. Don’t surrender yourself to waiting, and don’t stay isolated for too long, because there’s a beautiful you the world is dying to meet. 

comics that end sadly but wind up being replied to with love are what I live for

gosh I love this

morethanprinceofcats:

fuckcisplaining:

I will never trust any ‘ally’ who talks about how we “need” them

That’s shit we hear from our abusers, thanks

That’s called manipulation, power play, emotional blackmail

Not support

this is so brilliant and succinct - i never thought about the why of why that was so shitty before. wow.

kingjaffejoffer:

laughing at how CNN went into one of the looted businesses in Ferguson and spoke to the owner. the reporter started asking all these leading questions that were clearly setting up answers that expressed anger that their businesses were broken into. 

The owner was like “actually I just want justice for Mike Brown im not worried about material things”

Who are you getting your Ferguson information from? I'm having problems verifying what's actually happening!

Anonymous

wearesynchronizednowandforever:

wearesynchronizednowandforever:

That’s actually what’s taking me so long to update some of my posts; not only is the information surfacing slowly about his case specifically, but I make sure to cross reference at least three sources because some people are just blatantly lying to stir shit up.

Also live feeds keep going down and new ones pop back up but I know some of you are sensitive to video, so

Here’s a list of some twitter handles:

Journalists (All of these are either on the ground in Ferguson as I type this or actively covering events in Ferguson, both Brown’s case and the rallies):

Residents/Legislature/Other:

Instagram Accounts: (TW: Some of these accounts feature graphic video or images of Ferguson events)

Tumblr Accounts:

I’m sure I forgot a bunch but here’s a start. I’ll update it periodically and reblog. Some of it is compilations from a bunch of sources, some is original content. Disclaimer: I’m not vouching for any other content on any of these blogs/twitters/instagrams or any that may be posted after this list but as of right now, the information regarding Ferguson and discussions taking place about the rallies/police and Mike Brown’s death seems accurate.

if you want to be included on any of these lists, shoot me a message with your web-address and I’ll check it out

You will find everything I’ve posted under tagged/ferguson, tagged/police-brutality or tagged/michael-brown

updated and combined.

youcankissmycas:

misandry-mermaid:

fabulazerstokill:

sassy-gay-justice:

I’m terrible.


I would get bingo so fast if I brought Ferguson up on my FB feed

They left off the one that I’ve been seeing the most, which is the ridiculous justifications for why he was targeted:  smoking pot, robbing a store, trying to grab the officer’s gun, etc.  All these things that were made up or speculated about on the news, that STILL don’t justify cold-blooded murder, but white people are using them as an excuse to why his killing doesn’t deserve justice or outrage.  It’s the most common argument I’ve seen people use.

Also seen “Well if people want to stand around for ten days it’s their issue”

youcankissmycas:

misandry-mermaid:

fabulazerstokill:

sassy-gay-justice:

I’m terrible.

I would get bingo so fast if I brought Ferguson up on my FB feed

They left off the one that I’ve been seeing the most, which is the ridiculous justifications for why he was targeted: smoking pot, robbing a store, trying to grab the officer’s gun, etc. All these things that were made up or speculated about on the news, that STILL don’t justify cold-blooded murder, but white people are using them as an excuse to why his killing doesn’t deserve justice or outrage. It’s the most common argument I’ve seen people use.

Also seen “Well if people want to stand around for ten days it’s their issue”

Ferguson from my TL- August 18th (1/3)

thewilsonblog:

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http://potofsoup.tumblr.com/post/95132074042/im-the-asshole-that-potofsoup-ink-phoenix

potofsoup:

scrollgirl:

potofsoup:

im-the-asshole-that:

potofsoup:

ink-phoenix:

No but

I see a lot of gifsets and comments about Steve’s iconic line in CA: TWS “This isn’t freedom. This is fear,” but

What about the shit that Fury throws in his face before that?

Fury: "For once we are way ahead of the curve." 
Steve: 
"By holding a gun to everyone on Earth and calling it protection."
Fury:
 ”You know I read those SSR files. The Greatest Generation? You guys did some nasty stuff. “
Steve: “Yeah. We compromised. Sometimes in ways that made us not sleep so well. But we did it so that people could be free. This isn’t freedom. This is fear.”

[snip]

YES, let’s keep talking!!  I’ve bolded your sentence because that’s the key, isn’t it?  HYDRA was invented to be a cleaner, more unambiguously evil enemy, and I can see the logic behind that — let’s make it more less messy, and easier for you to cheer on the good guy.  I’ve seen people point out elsewhere that that’s why Steve’s in the European theater and not in the Pacific, and why, really, Steve *had* to go down in 1944, before all the *really* horrible stuff was done or has come to light.   But Steve wasn’t even fighting the Nazis — by fighting HYDRA, it’s so clean cut. He goes from being a propaganda symbol to fighting pure evil.  This is why I always frown a bit at the “I don’t like bullies” line and the “we did it for freedom, not fear” stuff above.  Because it’s *never* that simple. How is Steve defining bullies and freedom?  What gives him the right to define it? If Steve doesn’t like bullies, what about the fact that he’s essentially bullied into being a propaganda mouthpiece?  What does he think about all the “bullying” of the Japanese internment camps?  Considering that he was fighting against fascism, is freedom conflated with democracy in his mind?  Forget the surveillance state — what does Steve think about the rise of corporate power?

What I love about Steve is that he’s usually portrayed as someone who *would* care, and wouldn’t shy away from standing up for what’s right.  But in the flow of the story, it’s easy to just take the simplified version and not question it further.    Especially since Steve himself is the very embodiment of the issue of eugenics.  (You can’t really talk about Hitler’s eugenics without getting into the fact that US’s own eugenics programs were going strong.)   Steve grew up in a country where he was seen as “unfit” (see: chronically ill steve rogers), and if he were a woman of color, might have been force-sterilized.  And his way out of this was through half-volunteering (being hand-picked by Erskine and told later what he was picked for — does that count as volunteering?) for a a eugenics program with high experimental risk.  The same program that generated “More Evil Than Hitler” Red Skull.  Talk about the sense of American exceptionalism necessary to say, “hey, it worked because this poor IMMIGRANT kid had the HEART and the GUMPTION to embody AMERICA.”  Let’s ignore/erase his past of being bullied by American society, let’s ignore the co-opting of his body by the military.  Let’s all pretend that this is part of a singular narrative of the American Dream.

So really, Steve himself is the compromise.  And given how much trouble he has in TWS figuring out what he should do with his life, wondering if he’s allowed to do something besides work for the military or SHIELD, I’m not sure whether he got the freedom he compromised for.

The above commentary is much closer to my reading of Steve Rogers than the OP’s meta. (I apologize in advance if I diverge too far from the above commenters’ interpretations of canon.) While I agree on a Watsonian level that “Steve isn’t a Greatest Generation man because he hasn’t lived enough to romanticize that period”, on a Doylist level that doesn’t even matter because Steve Rogers is fandom’s Greatest Generation man. He’s our romantic fantasy of What America Should Be, and CA:TWS is our white liberal fantasy of how we can “fix” our broken society. (Hint: it starts with fixing a man’s disabilities until he embodies Hitler’s Aryan ideal. It’s okay, it’s ~ironic. Step two: give him the respect owed to a WWII veteran without him having actually fought in WWII.)

I don’t disagree with anything Steve Rogers says or does in CA:TWS, but I’m frustrated by comparisons of Steve vs Fury that ignore race and historical context. We’ve already established that Steve has absolutely jack shit to do with WWII. What can he possibly say about freedom that an African-American man who lived through the Civil Rights era couldn’t say better? It’s extremely problematic, IMHO, to position Steve as “pro-freedom” and Fury as “anti-freedom”. The only Latino character is retconned as a double-agent for a white supremacist regime. Howard Stern, a Jewish-American politician (“Stern” is predominately a Jewish last name), is a card-carrying Nazi. Add all this with the Age of Ultron spoiler that the Jewish-Roma children of two Holocaust survivors have apparently cooperated with HYDRA, and honestly — I’m not shocked that there are people confused about which character is the Nazi, Sam Wilson or Grant Ward.

When I say “representation matters”, I don’t just mean having a solo female superhero film or more characters of colour — I mean changing the way these stories are being told, changing which characters get to play which roles, changing who gets to speak for me, who gets to be “right”, who gets to take action and be the hero. Just watch the news and tell me that CA:TWS is a story that’s a genuine reflection of our world’s problems, rather than an oversimplified version which conveniently exchanges an old white man as political authority for a young white man as moral authority. Tell me that black and Latino men are the ones banging the drums for more militarization, more surveillance, more violations of their human rights, and that young white men are the ones clamouring for a revolution. As much as I love Steve Rogers, he’s become a white liberal fantasy that potentially undermines the voices of minority groups, and I’m really really glad that Sam Wilson will be Captain America soon — not stuck as the Model Minority who does what Steve does, just slower. It’s about damn time that we can hold up someone other than a white guy and say, “Listen, that’s our Captain speaking, the man who embodies freedom and justice. This man is everything America should strive to become, this is the leader we need to follow, and nobody else can compare.”

OMG the bolded.  The whole thing, really.  I think that’s the thing that’s always rubbed me the wrong way about this fandom.  (Don’t get me wrong, I love the thoughtfulness and the creativity of this fandom, and the general care this fandom puts towards being historically accurate.  But very fundamentally, the source material skirts/erases important issues, which then makes it hard to put back in.   And it’s too easy to ignore the race and historical context of things involving Fury because it’s made a non-issue in the films.  Just as the Howling Commandos being such a diverse group in a historical time period of segregated armies was never addressed in the film, so it is harder to address it in the fandom.  (How about newsreels directors explicitly asking Gabe or Morita to stay out of the picture?  How about the fact that in CATWS, Peggy clearly married a white guy who’s not Gabe?)

Urg I want so much more complexity to Captain America but Marvel’s found the perfect balance of fluff and faux complexity to entertain/satisfy mainstream audiences.

http://potofsoup.tumblr.com/post/95132074042/im-the-asshole-that-potofsoup-ink-phoenix

potofsoup:

scrollgirl:

potofsoup:

im-the-asshole-that:

potofsoup:

ink-phoenix:

No but

I see a lot of gifsets and comments about Steve’s iconic line in CA: TWS “This isn’t freedom. This is fear,” but

What about the shit that Fury throws in his face before that?

Fury: "For once we are way ahead of the curve." 
Steve: 
"By holding a gun to everyone on Earth and calling it protection."
Fury:
 ”You know I read those SSR files. The Greatest Generation? You guys did some nasty stuff. “
Steve: “Yeah. We compromised. Sometimes in ways that made us not sleep so well. But we did it so that people could be free. This isn’t freedom. This is fear.”

[snip]

YES, let’s keep talking!!  I’ve bolded your sentence because that’s the key, isn’t it?  HYDRA was invented to be a cleaner, more unambiguously evil enemy, and I can see the logic behind that — let’s make it more less messy, and easier for you to cheer on the good guy.  I’ve seen people point out elsewhere that that’s why Steve’s in the European theater and not in the Pacific, and why, really, Steve *had* to go down in 1944, before all the *really* horrible stuff was done or has come to light.   But Steve wasn’t even fighting the Nazis — by fighting HYDRA, it’s so clean cut. He goes from being a propaganda symbol to fighting pure evil.  This is why I always frown a bit at the “I don’t like bullies” line and the “we did it for freedom, not fear” stuff above.  Because it’s *never* that simple. How is Steve defining bullies and freedom?  What gives him the right to define it? If Steve doesn’t like bullies, what about the fact that he’s essentially bullied into being a propaganda mouthpiece?  What does he think about all the “bullying” of the Japanese internment camps?  Considering that he was fighting against fascism, is freedom conflated with democracy in his mind?  Forget the surveillance state — what does Steve think about the rise of corporate power?

What I love about Steve is that he’s usually portrayed as someone who *would* care, and wouldn’t shy away from standing up for what’s right.  But in the flow of the story, it’s easy to just take the simplified version and not question it further.    Especially since Steve himself is the very embodiment of the issue of eugenics.  (You can’t really talk about Hitler’s eugenics without getting into the fact that US’s own eugenics programs were going strong.)   Steve grew up in a country where he was seen as “unfit” (see: chronically ill steve rogers), and if he were a woman of color, might have been force-sterilized.  And his way out of this was through half-volunteering (being hand-picked by Erskine and told later what he was picked for — does that count as volunteering?) for a a eugenics program with high experimental risk.  The same program that generated “More Evil Than Hitler” Red Skull.  Talk about the sense of American exceptionalism necessary to say, “hey, it worked because this poor IMMIGRANT kid had the HEART and the GUMPTION to embody AMERICA.”  Let’s ignore/erase his past of being bullied by American society, let’s ignore the co-opting of his body by the military.  Let’s all pretend that this is part of a singular narrative of the American Dream.

So really, Steve himself is the compromise.  And given how much trouble he has in TWS figuring out what he should do with his life, wondering if he’s allowed to do something besides work for the military or SHIELD, I’m not sure whether he got the freedom he compromised for.

The above commentary is much closer to my reading of Steve Rogers than the OP’s meta. (I apologize in advance if I diverge too far from the above commenters’ interpretations of canon.) While I agree on a Watsonian level that “Steve isn’t a Greatest Generation man because he hasn’t lived enough to romanticize that period”, on a Doylist level that doesn’t even matter because Steve Rogers is fandom’s Greatest Generation man. He’s our romantic fantasy of What America Should Be, and CA:TWS is our white liberal fantasy of how we can “fix” our broken society. (Hint: it starts with fixing a man’s disabilities until he embodies Hitler’s Aryan ideal. It’s okay, it’s ~ironic. Step two: give him the respect owed to a WWII veteran without him having actually fought in WWII.)

I don’t disagree with anything Steve Rogers says or does in CA:TWS, but I’m frustrated by comparisons of Steve vs Fury that ignore race and historical context. We’ve already established that Steve has absolutely jack shit to do with WWII. What can he possibly say about freedom that an African-American man who lived through the Civil Rights era couldn’t say better? It’s extremely problematic, IMHO, to position Steve as “pro-freedom” and Fury as “anti-freedom”. The only Latino character is retconned as a double-agent for a white supremacist regime. Howard Stern, a Jewish-American politician (“Stern” is predominately a Jewish last name), is a card-carrying Nazi. Add all this with the Age of Ultron spoiler that the Jewish-Roma children of two Holocaust survivors have apparently cooperated with HYDRA, and honestly — I’m not shocked that there are people confused about which character is the Nazi, Sam Wilson or Grant Ward.

When I say “representation matters”, I don’t just mean having a solo female superhero film or more characters of colour — I mean changing the way these stories are being told, changing which characters get to play which roles, changing who gets to speak for me, who gets to be “right”, who gets to take action and be the hero. Just watch the news and tell me that CA:TWS is a story that’s a genuine reflection of our world’s problems, rather than an oversimplified version which conveniently exchanges an old white man as political authority for a young white man as moral authority. Tell me that black and Latino men are the ones banging the drums for more militarization, more surveillance, more violations of their human rights, and that young white men are the ones clamouring for a revolution. As much as I love Steve Rogers, he’s become a white liberal fantasy that potentially undermines the voices of minority groups, and I’m really really glad that Sam Wilson will be Captain America soon — not stuck as the Model Minority who does what Steve does, just slower. It’s about damn time that we can hold up someone other than a white guy and say, “Listen, that’s our Captain speaking, the man who embodies freedom and justice. This man is everything America should strive to become, this is the leader we need to follow, and nobody else can compare.”

OMG the bolded.  The whole thing, really.  I think that’s the thing that’s always rubbed me the wrong way about this fandom.  (Don’t get me wrong, I love the thoughtfulness and the creativity of this fandom, and the general care this fandom puts towards being historically accurate.  But very fundamentally, the source material skirts/erases important issues, which then makes it hard to put back in.   And it’s too easy to ignore the race and historical context of things involving Fury because it’s made a non-issue in the films.  Just as the Howling Commandos being such a diverse group in a historical time period of segregated armies was never addressed in the film, so it is harder to address it in the fandom.  (How about newsreels directors explicitly asking Gabe or Morita to stay out of the picture?  How about the fact that in CATWS, Peggy clearly married a white guy who’s not Gabe?)

Urg I want so much more complexity to Captain America but Marvel’s found the perfect balance of fluff and faux complexity to entertain/satisfy mainstream audiences.

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